Domestic Violence And Its Effects On Victims And Varies

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Definition, strengths and limitations, and occurrence
Domestic violence as a form of trauma can have an impact on victims and varies in the form in which it occurs. Domestic violence can occur directly to an individual or family or indirectly as exposure to domestic violence. The Department of Justice defines domestic violence as “a pattern of abusive behavior in a relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner”. According to Cross, Mathews, Tonmyr, Scott and Catherine, (2012), for children, exposure to domestic violence can be defined as “a child directly witnessing physical or psychological violence between adults, overhearing the violence, or seeing its aftermath (e.g., resulting injuries or emotional harm)”. Both definitions take into consideration the various forms domestic violence that can occur to an individual or family. It is important to acknowledge that these definitions include domestic violence as taking the form of any combination of physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economical abuse, and psychological abuse. This allows for the identification and treatment of domestic abuse on a large scale, depending on the survivors experiences. However, physical and sexual abuse are two forms which are easier to prosecute from a legal standing, as emotional abuse and psychological abuse generally do not have physical evidence. Intimidation and threats are examples of psychological abuse.
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