Domestic Violence : Spousal Abuse

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Domestic Violence: Spousal Abuse
Suleman Masood
California State University, Fresno Domestic violence in a relationship (specifically spousal abuse) has continuously been a perplex issue in a functional society that has been deliberately overlooked and often ignored in a society. According to Criminology: Theory, Research and Policy, intimate partner abuse (spousal abuse) is defined as “abuse that occurs between current or former heterosexual or homosexual intimates. It includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and violence”. It encompasses the idea of one gender in a relationship lacking or not fulfilling a responsibility. This would then lead to asserting dominance over the other gender as a means to balance out the trait in which the abuser lacks. According to, nearly 60 percent of women between the ages of 18-35 have experienced abuse in their lifetime; and, unfortunately, 24 percent of those women in abusive relationships have not told anyone that they’re being harmed. Theorists have categorized this type of behavior in biological, psychological and also sociological theories. The five theories that best interpret the causation and state of the offender are the Somatotype Theory, the Psychodynamic Theory, the Intergenerational Transmission of Violence and Modeling Theory, the Lifestyle Approach Theory, and the General Strain Theory. The Somatotype Theory, proposed by William Sheldon, is a theory that involves the biological composition of males
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