Domestic Violence and Its Effect on Children

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HS5401: History of Social Welfare Capella University Ereeka Brooks March 16, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. ABSTRACT II. INTRODUCTION III. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROLEM IV. HISTORY OF PROBLEM V. THEORIES REALTED TO PROBLEM VI. POLICIES ADDRESSING PROBLEM VII. SUMMARY VIII. CONCLUSION IX. REFERENCES Abstract Children who live in domestic violence homes are constantly being exposed to verbal and physical abuse, directly or indirectly, it has to account for some form of damage within them. They generally suffer in silence, but often develop high levels of aggression, anger issues and anxiety, and often become depressed, there is even a potential to develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Therefore,…show more content…
In a home where there is domestic violence, the abusive parent might use the child as a means of power over the abused parent, “If you don’t do what I want little Timmy is going to get spanked.” It is the interaction of multiple variables rather than the impact of a single variable, which influences child development. Environmental factors such as age at the time of exposure and parental conflict are found to be associated with lower self-esteem and adjustment difficulties in adults (Schmidtgall et al, 2000). Such exposure is part of a group of harm producing contextual factors that interfere with normal development and lead to unpredictable, but generally negative outcomes in the short and long term (Wolfe et al, 2003). Bowen’s (1974) family system theory states that family members so profoundly affect each other’s thoughts, feelings, and actions that if often seem as if people are living under the same “emotional skin.” There have been circumstances in which the child who has been exposed to violence within the home begins to treat the abused parent or other family member the same way the abuser does; seeing it as acceptable and justifiable behavior. Social learning theorists view abusive and aggressive conflict resolution techniques as learned and reinforced, often at the expense of more adaptive ways of resolving conflict (Wall & McKee, 2002). The intent on an ecological perspective is to be able to somewhat control
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