Dorothea Orem and the Conception of the Self-Care Deficit Theory
1415 Words6 Pages
Background Dorothea Orem –the theorist who conceived the Self-Care Deficit theory was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1914. Orem had completed her Masters of Science in Nursing in addition to her Bachelor of Science in Nursing and her Diploma in Nursing (Johnson & Weber, 2010). She had worked as an instructor and as a dean in the Catholic University of America located in Washington, DC. She also worked in places such as the Indiana State Board of Health and the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. She retired at the age of 70 and had passed away at the age of 92 on June 22, 2007.
Self-Care Deficit Theory Background In 1957, Dorothea Orem participated in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare as a consultant to improve the training of nurses (Johnson & Weber, 2008). From there she attempted to explain the role of nurses in patient care. Through a philosophical lens, according to Banfield (2008), the nature of human beings are the foundation of Orem’s self-care deficit theory. Nature of human beings include the individual’s relationship with the environment, the individual’s capability of developing, the individual’s free will and freedom, and the relationship of the individual with others (Banfield, 2008). The human-environmental relationship emphasizes that patients interchangeably connect with the environment and are never separate from each other. The developmental process includes the importance of the individual reaching their