Dorothea Orem 's Self And Care Deficit Theory Of Nursing

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The purpose of this research paper is to tell the reader about Dorothea Orem’s self­care deficit theory of nursing. Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore. In Washington, D.C., Orem received her diploma from Providence Hospital. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Master of Science in Nursing from Catholic University of America. In 1976, Orem also earned an Honorary Doctor of Science degree. In 1971, Orem’s self­care deficit theory was published in N ursing Concepts of Practice. Orem worked as a private duty nurse, staff nurse, nurse educator and administrator, and nurse consultant. According to Potter and Perry (2013), “Dorothea Orem defines self­care as a learned, goal­oriented activity directed toward the self in the interest of maintaining life, health, development, and well being” (p. 44). The theory is centered around the patient’s needs. The goal is to help the patient take care of themselves and take control over their health. The theory is not only used for the needs of patients, but also as a learning tool for nursing students. In most nursing schools, Orem’s theory is the bloodline of the program. Orem’s theory of nursing is made up of three other theories: the theory of self care, theory of self care deficit, and the theory of nursing systems, which is more specifically classified into wholly compensatory, partial compensatory, and supportive­educative. The theory of self­care is broken down into three parts: universal self­care, developmental

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