Dorothy Orem

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DOROTHEA OREM Dorothea Orem Jennifer VandenEykel University of Phoenix NUR 403 Theories and Models of Nursing Practice January 8, 2012 Mary McGill, RN, MSN DOROTHEA OREM Nursing Theorist Grid Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem Description of Theory: “ The central philosophy of the self-care deficit Nursing theory is that all patients want to care for themselves, and they are able to recover more quickly and holistically by performing their own self-care as much as they are able. “ ( Nursing-theory.org, 2011) There are three requirements to the self-care theory. The first requirement is the patient to be able to obtain basic human needs: air, food, rest and water. The second area that is…show more content…
Researching the changes in behaviors of patients can help the nursing profession make adjustments to improve the teaching and care provided to others in regards to health. | Health | Orem states that health is when a person is whole. Taking into consideration the mental, physical and spiritual well-being of a patient. The person is at the highest level of functioning. The person will be able to take care of basic needs, have emotional balance and interaction with others. Hazards to health will be avoided. | Nurses will observe the abilities of the patient to provide for themselves. If the patient is limited the nurse will provide the necessary care to maintain proper health. The emotional well being of the patient will be noted along with interaction with others. The nurse will reinforce the importance of relationships. Education will be provided to avoid health hazards. | Nurses need to understand the importance of maintaining the independence of patients. Learning the health risks of certain behaviors and choices made by patients. Provide education when necessary to improve the health of the patient. Keep up-to-date of the changes being made in regards to the health of the general population. Staying current educational opportunities in the nursing community. | Nursing | Orem believes that nursing is an action. She states it is a relationship
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