Essay about Doubting Thomas

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Doubting Thomas

According to Webster, "Skepticism" is the philosophical doctrine that the attainment of absolute knowledge is impossible. It comes from the Greek word skeptesthai meaning "to examine," and the practice was brought about during the elementary stages of philosophy by Pyrrho sometime between 360-270 b.c. Some other well-known skeptics are Xenophanes, Gorgias, and Sextus Empiricus. Skepticism is very common in today's society, and is practiced in some way by all. If you are alive and functioning on this planet, you'll find that it is difficult to avoid being skeptic in one way or another.96 Pyrrho was an ancient Greek philosopher, who introduced pure skepticism into Greek philosophy, founded the school known as
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Such skepticism was useful during Pyrrho's time; if nothing was provably wrong, one could legitimately accept the customs or religion of whoever was in power. He also believed that each theory had it's own contradictory argument, so he suspended judgment on all events.161 The roots of skepticism are also believed to be accredited to Xenophanes, a philosopher and poet of Asia Minor. He believed that if truth were stated. It could not be known In his writings Xenophanes cleverly satirized the polytheistic beliefs of earlier Greek poets and of his own contemporaries. He ridiculed their deities as gods created in the image of the mortals who worshiped them. In a famous passage he asserted that if oxen could paint and sculpt, they would depict gods who resembled oxen. He felt that humans should reject polytheistic ascribing of human motivation and characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, and phenomena and recognize instead a single non-human deity underlying and unifying all worldly phenomena. 117 A parallel to Xenophanes' philosophy is that which was expressed by Gorgias, a famous Sophist. The Sophists consisted of experienced debaters and speech writers who popularized the ideas of various early philosophers; but based on their understanding of this prior philosophic thought, most of them concluded that truth and morality were

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