Down Syndrome : A Congenital Chromosomal Disorder

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Down syndrome is a congenital chromosomal disorder during maternal meiosis. This is one of the most common chromosomal disease that has been confirmed (Epstein, 2013). Down syndrome causes some symptoms in children’s physical and mental aspects, which have significant differences with other people. It may cause the life of the child is abnormal and cannot live independently in the future. With the increased population of children with Down syndrome in Australia, it becomes prominent that they strongly impact on their family and society in both positive and negative ways. This article will introduce some basic information about Down syndrome, discuss its early intervention and ethical issues of having a baby with Down syndrome, and result in coming up with views in regards to terminating or continuing with the pregnancy of a foetus diagnosed with Down syndrome.
Down syndrome is also called 21 trisomy, which is obviously pointed out the disorder occurs at the chromosome 21. Genetically, it has been found that there are 22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes, where X and Y are sex chromosomes representing female and male respectively. These two kinds of chromosome pairs are normally made up 46 chromosomes in total while children with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes, meaning they have one extra chromosome on the chromosome 21. This chromosomal disorder happens occasionally and randomly. One cannot put blame or fault on the individual or parent when the gene is

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