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Down Syndrome: A Mental Illness

Decent Essays
A mental Illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Downs syndrome is a congenital disorder arising from a chromosome defect, causing intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities including short stature and a broad facial profile. It arises from a defect involving chromosome 21. Down syndrome is random and it can affect anyone. There is no cure and no precautionary steps. Down syndrome affects millions of people each year. With research we can find new ways to treat this disease and help the ones who are affected.
Down syndrome was first discovered in 1866 by Doctor John Langdon Down. He first described Down syndrome as a neurological disorder, but he misunderstood how Down syndrome is caused. Another doctor by the name of Jerome Lejeune discovered the cause of Down syndrome in 1959. In the 20th century, many people with Down syndrome were killed and neglected. They were put in institutions and were subject to many experiments including lobotomies. But over the years society has been able to understand Down syndrome and has now started an effort to find a cure. In the United States today, Down syndrome affects over 400,000 people.
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A person with downs syndrome has extra chromosome. The defect usually involves the twenty first chromosome. With this chromosome defect you do not develop like the average human being. With Down syndrome you have a short body stature and your face has a very broad profile, the most noticeable way to tell if someone has Down syndrome is their ears and their eyes are aligned differently than someone who doesn’t have downs syndrome. When you are growing up with Down’s syndrome your speech develops much slower and it is much harder to annunciate your words. some over time can develop great speech and some
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