Down Syndrome : What Impact Does It Have On Children?

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Down Syndrome: What Impact Does It Have on Children? Down syndrome “is one of the most common genetic conditions”, which is caused when there is a “sporadic mutation that results in an extra chromosome 21” (Hobson-Rohrer, Samson-Fang, 2013). Each person is born with 46 chromosomes, one set of 23 from each parent, but a person with down syndrome has a total of 47 chromosomes because they have an extra chromosome 21. “The extra chromosome disrupts the normal course of development and results in the physical features and intellectual and developmental disabilities associated with the syndrome” (Down Syndrome). “The extra 21st chromosome cause biochemical changes that redirect brain development” (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2013). Although Down Syndrome is one of the more common genetic conditions, the chance of a child being born with this disease is 1 in 691. This statistic decreases the older a woman is when she becomes pregnant. For women between the ages of 35-39 years’ old, the chance of having a child with Down syndrome is 1 in 270 (Hobson-Rohrer, Samson-Fang, 2013). This essay will discuss how Down syndrome affects children’s cognitive, physical, and social development as well as how research recommends accommodating a child with down syndrome in a classroom. To begin with, Down syndrome affects a child’s cognitive development. Down syndrome impairs a child’s cognitive development which include, “reduced working memory capacity” (Vicari, Carlesimo, Caltagirone, 1995),
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