Dr. Milton 's Nutrition And Poultry Husbandry

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Supplying the proper amount of nutrition for companion birds continues to be a concern for many pet owners and veterinarians today. Many veterinarians see obesity and over and under nutrition as the most prevalent problems facing companion birds (O’Brian, 1988). Many commercial diets for birds are “rarely scrutinized by scientific and regulatory personal” (Stahl, 2013). Most of the research for commercial feeds are done by private corporations rather than the company that makes and supplies the feedstuff. In the 1970’s, malnutrition and importation was considered the most common causes of illness in companion birds which caught the attention of Dr. Milton Scott of Cornell University. He worked on avian research focusing on
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Vitamin A and D3

As a companion bird owner it is critical to understand the nutritional basics. According to the Avian College of Veterinary Medicine providing vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein, water, lipids and overall a nutritious variety is the backbone to a balanced diet that meets both the physiological and nutritional needs for the type of bird that is being fed. The most common nutritional deficiencies in companion birds is vitamin-A, Calcium and Phosphorus. Vitamin-A plays a critical role in avian health and is essential for birds to maintain a healthy immune system. Clinical signs of vitamin-A deficiency also known as hypovitaminosis includes dry flakey skin, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, feather discoloration, sneezing, polyuria, and

hyperkeratosis around the mouth, eyes and sinuses. Vitamin-A deficiency lowers the immune systems defenses often resulting in secondary infections.
Blue-fronted amazon parrot with vit. A deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency is most commonly caused by a diet that consists of all seeds or a half and half mix consisting of seeds and pellets. Birds that are vitamin-A deficient can be supplemented beta-carotene or for some parrots, spirulina. Spirulina is a highly nutrient concentrated moss that comes in powdered form and can be sprinkled over your bird’s food. Most commercial parrot feeds that are pelleted contain
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