Dracula, The Mummy, By Bram Stoker

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Wolfman, Frankenstein, The Mummy, Creature from the Black Lagoon, Dracula, all horrific images of the “Universal Monsters” created from the 1920s to the 1930s by Universal Studios. To the audience these monsters created panic and suspense that made leaving the lights on before bed a necessary precaution; they are what is seen as a true, scary, monstrous fiction. Many of these monsters did not begin their stories in cinema however; they began as novels. For Director Tod Browning’s 1931 Dracula, Bram Stoker is truly the mastermind behind the character, in which Browning brought to life. In today’s cinematic vision, we continue to do the same interpretation from novel to film however not with the same intention and with a new view. For example, Stephanie Meyer’s vampire monster-drama Twilight was reimaged by Catherine Hardwicke in 2008 as a film, gives a whole new image to the “classic monster” compared to vampire Dracula. In contrast from Dracula to Twilight, the vampire genre almost becomes a terrifying interpretation of the past, and with societal interpretation the imagination of a cinematic “monster” almost becomes a mirroring image of its own time, and its own social environment ultimately creating a modern character that becomes more of a desire to be involved with than something to frighten. In the 1930’s while Cinema was at it’s golden age in the discovery of sound, America economically was crushed. In Dinardo’s Article, Who’s America: Contesting the Meaning of

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