Dramaturgical Approach By Erving Goffman

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Erving Goffman presented the theory of the dramaturgical approach. In general, it insinuates that people’s daily lives can be perceived as performances in action on a stage. People adjust how they act depending on the situation or audience that is present. As Goffman (1959) explains, when an individual enters the presence of others they seek to obtain information on the other people and incorporate information already known to them. Information about an individual helps to define the situation and what each person expects of one another in terms of their behaviour and the way they present themselves. If the people do not know each other prior to the situation, they can take clues about one another from their appearance and mannerisms. Assumptions can also be made about people in certain social settings with the presumption that only certain people will be found there. Goffman’s theory is applicable to modern day life and I will be using the example of a school classroom to depict this throughout the essay.
The individual putting on the performance yearns for the observers to wholeheartedly believe the impression being given off. They want their observers to believe that they truly possesses these attributes and qualities they appear to have. Depending on the
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It focuses on how one presents themselves, how different situations or audiences affect this, and the different aspects involved in a performance. Goffman implies we all play social roles and adjust our performances for different people and different situations. People will act a certain manner, so that they are perceived in a way that meets society’s expectations, and however they personally would like to be seen. This theory is very relevant in today’s world, embodied through the situation of a teacher and their students in a classroom used throughout the
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