Drawing on Appropriate Evidence Describe How Groups Can Influence People in Positive and Negative Ways.

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Drawing on appropriate evidence describe how groups can influence people in positive and negative ways. My plan for this essay is to: • Study the required chapter making sure I understand what I am reading. The chapter that I shall be concentrating on is ‘identifying social identities’. I will be identifying both the positive and negative ways that can influence people’s lives. • I shall take notes on both the negative and positive influences. Again, these are the ways in which people’s lives are influenced. Identifying and searching for the supporting evidence that backs up my information. • This essay will start with an informative introduction, have a main section…show more content…
These participants were put into two groups, ‘guard’ and ‘prisoner’. The experiment was scheduled to last two weeks, after just six days it was cancelled. This was due to the roles being taken too seriously, the ‘guard’ had become to brutal and abusive and the ‘prisoner’ showed signs of emotional disturbance. This example shows how negatively groups can influence people as individuals and that the role and behaviour changes according to the groups that the participants were assigned to. Jail itself is not a positive experience, the norm is that people are sent there as a form of punishment. The ‘guards’ and ‘prisoners’ may have been influenced as to the group norms by such things as films, T. V programs and stories as told by friends and family. Being part of a group can give an individual a feeling of belonging, a sense of identity and raise self esteem, helping that person define who they are. Evidence of this can be found in an experiment conducted by Muzafer Sherif (1961) as read in Spoors et al (2011). Muzafer divided a boy’s camp into two groups. At the start the two groups where cohesive with one another showing norms of behaviour such as joke telling a forming secret codes, highlighting the positive effects that are created by in-group mentality. The experimenters then set up a competition within the two groups in the form of a tournament. With this generated bad

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