Dream Argument Essay

893 WordsJan 31, 20154 Pages
Jacob Sebert November 13, 2013 Descartes Dream Theory Descartes arguments in meditation I can be proven wrong through discrepancies and contradictions. Authors Peter Simpson and Ludwig Wittgenstein's have similar points on skepticism where they have found specific inconsistencies. When primarily looking at Descartes’ dream argument we can see a contradiction in his statements. He sets out to demonstrate the similarity between “waking” and “dreaming”. His intention was to prove that there is no difference between the two, and that we could be seeing false deceptions and or possibly hallucinating. Therefore there would be no way to prove the differences between “dreaming” and “waking”. But when looking at his arguments there are a few…show more content…
If there are no differences, then he has no choice but to conclude the fact that we could also always be awake. This still follows Descartes’ argument because it means that dreaming and waking are the same and have no difference. He assumes we are always dreaming and everything we experience is false delusion. Assuming that we are just dreaming is inconsistent with the first part of his argument, that dreaming and waking are the same. How can we believe they are identical when at the same time he wants us to assume we are only dreaming? Descartes’ dream argument states that there are no differences between dreaming and being awake, which means there is no way of knowing if we are ever awake or dreaming. This is why he says we could always be in a dream. This means that everything we sense may not be real, just false perception of reality. The things we see in our dreams are stored in our mind. This helps Descartes determine what real knowledge is. He says that there is no way of proving that we are “dreaming” or “sleeping”. “There are no certain indications by which we may clearly distinguish wakefulness from sleep”. He then explains the experiences of reality and dreaming: “I am now here, sitting by the fire, wrapped in a warm winter gown, handling this paper, and suchlike. Indeed, that these hands themselves, and this body are mine.” (First Meditation, Page 14-15, SEC. 18-19) He explains his experiences in lucid dreams
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