Drug Abuse And Prescription Opioid Painkillers

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In the United States, more than 2 million people suffer from substance abuse disorders that correlate with use of prescription opioid painkillers. Over the past 15 years, overdose deaths due to prescription opioids have more than quadrupled. One of the underlying causes is the over prescription of pain relievers by physicians. This was demonstrated in 2013, with the writing of 207 million prescriptions for opioid pain relievers.

Opiates can be classified as natural, synthetic, or semisynthetic. Heroin and methadone are the two most commonly used opioids in the United States. The National Institute on Drug Abuse classifies the following drugs as the most commonly abused prescription opioids including: fentanyl, meperidine, and methadone
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Northeast drug markets receive wholesale quantities of heroin supplied by Columbian TCO’s. Columbian traffickers will also utilize both the Mexican and Dominican organizations for further transportation and distribution of heroin to target cities along the east coast. Columbia and Mexico together account for more than 90% of the heroin supplied to the United States.

The definition of narcoterrorism was first created in 1983 by former Peruvian president Belaunde Terry who described the terrorist attacks made against the Peruvian antinarcotics officers. Over the years the definition of narcoterrorism has expanded. The DEA defines narcoterrorism as a subcategory of terrorism in which terrorist groups or known affiliates participate either directly or indirectly with the making, manufacturing, transportation, or dissemination of controlled substances including the monies resulting from these activities. Traditionally the war on drugs and the war on terror have been treated as separate entities. Narcoterrorism combines these two concepts from a deeper understanding that drug trafficking and terrorism are interconnected. Both the terrorist and narcotics organizations emphasize privacy and concealment from law enforcement because it is essential for the survival of both organizations. The chances of both organizations interacting are high due to the criminal nature of their activities. The

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