The article, “Rat Park,” is about a study about being addicted to drugs. In the article they talk about Alexander’s hypothesis that drugs do not cause addiction, but it's based on the living conditions a person is living in. The experiment was taken on rats, where some live caged in and and another set lived in the rat park. The experiment in the article shows, “. . . successfully showed that rats will resist even the most irresistibility delivered drug if it interferes with the alternatively gratifying opportunities available to them” (Slater). In the cage the rats would take the water with the drug, while in the rat park, the rats had the option to drink plain water or water with the drug. The rats who had the option of which type of liquid they want, would choose the liquid without the drug. Having this experiment done gave Alexander a conclusion about addiction. It states, “Alexander’s research suggests that addictions are in fact quite subject to free will” (Slater). The people studied on rats on how they are the type of animal are kind of close to humans, well on how they body system works. Every human has the right to be free, but are the humans really deciding base what they think is right.
These treatments could be given on out-patient basis, in-patient basis or on short-term or long-term residential basis. There are variety of professionals are giving service for drug addiction treatment. These professional are physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, rehab counselors, social workers, nurses, etc..
In Lauren Slater’s article Rat Park, Slater talks about Bruce Alexander’s study and experiments on addiction. Alexander’s experiment consists of lab rats in two environments. The first is a caged environment and the second was a “perfect environment” called Rat Park. Rats in each environment were given two choices of water. One study group had regular water and the second was a form of heroin in water. The caged rats chose to drink the drugged water until they were placed into the “perfect” rat park environment. Once placed in this environment, theses rats stopped drinking the drugged water and started to drink the regular water. The rodents originally placed in the rat park drank
In the article rat park Rats in Rat Park and control animals in standard laboratory cages had access to two water bottles, one filled with plain water and the other with morphine-laced water. The denizens of Rat Park overwhelmingly preferred plain water to morphine (the test produced statistical confidence levels of over 99.9 percent). Even when Alexander tried to seduce his rats by sweetening the morphine, the ones in Rat Park drank far less than the ones in cages. Only when he added naloxone, which eliminates morphine’s narcotic effects, did the rats in Rat Park start drinking from the water-sugar-morphine bottle. They wanted the sweet water, but not if it made them high. In a variation he calls “Kicking the Habit,” Alexander gave rats in
Alexander believed that there is nothing addictive about drugs and the even constant exposure to addictive drugs does not lead to problems. In experiments on rats, narcotics were proven to be addictive since rats would suffer pain just so they can fulfill their need for drugs. However, Alexander disagreed that the rodents became addicted because of the environment they were kept in. He believed that if the rodents were kept in an environment that was comfortable and happy, the rats would not care for the drugs. So he created a “happy” environment calling it “Rat Park”, a park for rats with enough space and clean water, so he can conduct perform a narcotics experiment.
In a controlled experiment they gave rats two options and two environments. They gave the rat’s pure drinking water, and next to it a bottle of heroin infused water. In one cage the rat had a non-stimulating environment, and was isolated. That rat chose to drink from the heroin water, and built up an addiction. He would push the bar up to one hundred times per minute. Since he had no other outside influences he built up a tolerance and needed the drugs more than sleep, sex, and eating which eventually lead to his death.
The Radical Addiction The purpose of Bruce Alexander’s experiment was to challenge the beliefs that people have about addiction. He wanted to know if addiction was still a result even when a benevolent environment was present. He wanted to look at the affects social, physical and physiological restrains have on addiction. This experiment’s purpose was to show if addiction was due to the chemical or if it was culture.
It has become common wisdom to dismiss the Bruce Alexander work. However, Lauren Slater at the chapter Rat Park gives a quit unique and unexpected thought towards drug addicts. My whole life I heard it said that when more individuals get exposed to a drug the more addictive they become. (Slater) A few of physiologist have disclaimed and ignore Bruce Alexander’s experiment regarding drug addiction. The experiment was conducted with Mice, they were put first in a dirty and nasty cage, it turns out that the Mice on the dirty cage became extremely addicted. The Mice on another cage had a spectacular environment and the Mice refused to take the drugs. The concluded that marbles environments did not cause addiction instead it did
Alexander studied whether drug addiction was caused by the drug itself or whether outside factors could have an influence on causing a person to become addicted to the drug (). During the experiment he took two groups of rats and separated them into two separate cages. Half were placed in individual cages, were the rats were completely isolated. The other half were placed in a giant enclosure they built with walls painted to look like woodlands, cedar shavings and various nest and boxes for the rats to play in. The rats in the enclosure were allowed to socially interact with each other and were given everything to provide a happy social environment, which became known as “Rat Park”. The scientists began making a sugar mixture, which intentionally would appease to the rats in attempts to make it impossible for them to resist. In the mixture contained morphine. The scientist observed that, the rats that were isolated in the metal cages started drinking the morphine-mixture at a much faster rate and higher volumes than the rats in Rat Park. Furthermore, the rats in Rat Park rarely touched the morphine, despite having easy access to it, and instead preferred to socially interact with each other rather than be under the drug’s effects. The Rat part experiment demonstrates how much environment effects a person’s vulnerability to becoming addicted to
The rats were consider addicts but when once were put in Rat Park the rats had a better life that they didn’t feel the need to get high. This shows that when we live in a horrible or not livable environment we will choose to try to forget about it or take something such as drugs to distract us from what’s reality. It’s not easy to identify ones specific environment factor that causes them to be addicted to drugs but people might develop addictions through what or who can influence them. This study was an important part of realizing how our environment around us can affect people with drug addictions.
Thank you for sharing your post! I'm in agreeable with the counselor being the most in the second part in this equation when dealing with a client when dealing with clients who are fighting against addiction. To clarify if there were no counselors or professional persons helping and solving problems or funeral Solutions in the order for the person who suffering for the children it will be like person doing the best I can without a guided tour or someone to dye them through speech that needed for them to move past substance abuse and live free. Not to mention incorporating 12-step program or the new Resources with support addiction issues which office places significant part in treatment planning. In any case it all still in the individual pants
The designing used in the addiction scenario would be a double-blind, randomized, study of the effects of Antaquil vs placebo in minimizing the cravings of individuals suffering from alcohol dependence. Participants for the study should meet the DSM-V criteria for alcohol dependence and have recently entered into treatment. Certain medical and psychotic conditions along with any current substance use will disqualify the individual from participation. To secure that the sample is random, several outpatient clinics should be used to recruit the participants, a computer randomization program will then be used to ensure that each member of the qualifying population has an equal possibility of being chosen. The randomize sample will consist of (n=36)
Drug and alcohol addiction is a very serious and widespread problem in America, and across the globe. Drug addiction is a constant craving, seeking, and using of a substance, despite the negative consequences it may have on the addict or those around them. When drug use becomes more frequent, it is considered drug abuse. Once an individual’s drug abuse is can no longer be controlled, and they are using the drug to get through everyday life, it beomes an addiction. A person on drugs has an altered way of thinking, behaving, and perceiving. There are treatment facilities all over the world dedicated to help those suffering with drug addictions. All
Alcohol and illicit drug consumption are all too prevalent today in high schools, colleges, and all across the globe. Students seeking to fit in or forget about the repetitiveness of school and homework have a tendency to experiment. Drug addiction is known by the scientific community to be a psychological condition based on excessive, obsessive, and compulsive actions. Once that regular user crosses the line into addiction their only concern is their self and their life revolves around the getting, using, and finding ways and means to get and use more. Most people start using drugs and alcohol occasionally, which is a voluntary decision,
Drug addiction is one of society 's biggest problems and it is rampant among teenagers and young adults and one of the most abused drugs is marijuana. Cannabis sativa or marijuana usually grows throughout tropical and temperate climates and then plant 's stems, leaves, flowers, and seeds are then dried. What attracts to most users is the mind altering effect these parts produce which is addictive to some extent. It is usually smoked as cigarette, or in a pipe. It is also smoked in blunts, in which cigars will be emptied of tobacco and refill with marijuana or sometimes it is combined with another drug. It can also be brewed as tea or mixed in food. Hashis is a more concentrated, resinous form which is sticky black liquid, hash oil. The