Drug And Alcohol Abuse Treatment Programs

2241 Words Mar 9th, 2015 9 Pages
Although there has been a steady decline in substance use during recent years, nearly a quarter of Canadians meet the criteria for a substance use disorder (SUD) at some point across their lifespan (Statistics Canada, 2012). In addition, three-quarters of all women in drug and alcohol abuse treatment programs report being sexually abused (Najavits, Weiss & Shaw, 1997), and about one-quarter of the men (Ouimette, Kimerling, Shaw & Moos, 2000). Childhood abuse has been shown to be a significant risk factor in adolescent and adult substance use, and this relationship tends to be more substantial in women as apposed to men (Simpson & Miller, 2002; White & Widom, 2008). Research indicates that throughout the lifespan, adolescence is the period of highest risk for developing problematic substance use. Furthermore, traumatic events such as abuse have been associated with problematic substance use in attempts to self medicate and self regulate emotions (Thatcher & Clark, 2008).
Childhood Maltreatment
The present study evaluated participants who had experienced any type of childhood abuse or neglect, it specifically focused on the degree of relationship between childhood sexual abuse and substance use while also examining the relationship with varying levels of emotion regulation difficulties.
Although the focus of the study is not on childhood abuse in general, having a working definition of what constitutes as child abuse can be helpful when making reference to the research…

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