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Drug Offenders In Prison Research

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I believe the percentages of Hispanic and African Americans incarcerated contributes to non-violent offenders placed in the American prison system. As of December 24th, 2016, 82.415 persons detained were locked up for drug offenses. Drug offenses made up 46.4% of all the listed offenses for imprisonment (Federal Bureau of Prisons, n.d.). Of those in prison, 110,871 were white, 71,647 were black, and 63,198 were Hispanic (Federal Bureau of Prisons, n.d.). It is my opinion that decriminalization and drug reform would improve drug infested communities, get non-violent drug offenders out of our prison system and assist communities to resolve the violence that follows substance abuse. In law-enforcement, it is common knowledge that crime and…show more content…
With availability, still rampant in neighborhoods, drugs are still ruining lives. "Further, prohibition has been ineffective and has failed to demonstrate any significant reduction in drug usage, drug supply, or drug harm" (Buchanan, 2015, p. 1). The only thing that the "War on Drugs" is documented as doing is increasing mass incarceration numbers but did little to combat the issue. Making a substance illegal, can create an appeal to that drug, making it more desirable. The illicit drug market is extremely violent, to begin with, but with enforcement comes more violence. For example, "Disrupting the once steady market by removing a key business leader makes this underground market more volatile, and turf wars become more likely. When a business is forced to operate underground, there are no legitimate means of resolving disputes between producers, suppliers or users" (Buchanan, 2015, p.…show more content…
Through restorative justice, offenders come to realize what they have done through interaction with their victims and the crimes they committed against them. The experience also helps them cope with their criminal act. According to Mays and Winfree (2005), "Through individual counseling and group work, staff members helped offenders recognize the physical, psychological, and emotional consequences of their offense" (p. 11). Judged by a jury of their peers, defendants are only confronted with their actions in the courtroom. After they are found guilty, they are sent to a jail cell to do nothing but work out, read, and eat. This process initiates a thinking process and helps them realize what they have done is wrong in society, and it brings them face to face with their victims. According to Mays and Winfree (2005), "Finally, the staff worked to end the polarization between victim aid services and offender support services, to build bridges between them and to explore the possibility of victim-offender communications while the offenders were jailed" (p. 11). Elected officials should be concerned and working towards fixing the issues. Riddled with drug problems President Nixon and his administration started this "War on Drugs". The World is losing the war on drugs and enforcement, not the answer. In U.S. politics
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