After prolonged use, the body becomes physically reliant; the long-term effects of this addiction are synonymous with withdrawal symptoms. Opioid withdrawal is especially difficult since they moderate dopamine; once use is reduced or put to an end, the induced euphoria is as well, and the pleasure centers are often left impaired (Tigerin Peare and drugfreeworld.com). Additionally, one can suffer from restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, and cold flashes, often coinciding with
Merely compulsively engaging in an activity does not necessitate the title of addiction, even if the subject cannot quit of her own volition: there must be an element of negative influence that the habit has on her life in one way or another to be termed as such. The potential adverse effects of addiction are numerous and for any one addiction the detriment can be multifaceted. As addiction is generally discussed, one of the primary negative impacts mentioned is related to a person’s physical or mental well-being which can be harmed by the abuse of certain substances, such as
The World Health Organization defines drug dependency as a psychic, sometimes physical state resulting from the interaction between a living organism and a drug (Freidrich, 2010). It is characterized by behavioral responses in which always includes a compulsion to take the drug in continuous and periodic way to experiment its psychic effects and, sometimes, to avoid the inconvenience of their absence (Friedrich, 2010). In the DSM-IV, the diagnostic classifications are related disorders that are divided into two groups: disorders due to consumption of substances (dependence and abuse), and substance-induced disorders (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994).
Addiction is a disease that causes individuals to be compulsive and seek for substances in order to relieve craving. Addiction is commonly associated with drugs and is a great concern to the well beings of people around the world. The physiological and psychological effects of drug addiction can be deadly. Mood swings, hallucinations, and confusion are common physiology side effects, while psychological effects include inevitable depression, cravings, paranoia, and anxiety. By researching and gathering more data about substance addiction, it could lead to a decrease in the number of deaths associated to drug abuse and find healthier alternatives.
This research paper will evaluate the biological aspects of addictive substance or behavior and how it affects the brain and organs. Biological aspects include dopamine levels that are replaced in the brain due to the reward system being overtaken and the absorption rate of the drug once it is ingested will be discussed. The biological aspects are extensive and permanent if the individual does not get the help they need. Furthermore the clinical issues of addictive substance or behavior will be discussed along with medical treatments and ethical issues. This includes treatments such as counseling
(APA, 2013) Stimulant withdrawal symptoms unlike other disorders increased appetite, unpleasant dreams, and an agitation. Stimulant-induced psychotic, bipolar, depressive, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, sleep disorder, sexual dsyfunction, sleep disorder and stimulant intoxication delirium. (APA, 2013)
Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, slurred speech, tremors, a slow heartbeat, shallow breathing, feeling light-headed, fainting, seizure (black-out or
Belladonna alkaloids is used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and intestinal inflammation in combination with other medications. IBS is an invasive gastrointestinal functional bowel disorder, characterized by a recurrent crampy diarrhea and abdominal pain. Belladonna works by decreasing motion of muscles in the intestine and stomach providing them with a mild sedation
Methaqualone, is also referred to as Disco Biscuits, Down And Dirties, Jekyll-and-Hyde, Joe Fridays, Lemmon 714, Lemons, Lennon's, Lovers, Ludes, Mandies, Mandrake, Q, Qua, Quack, Quad, Quaaludes, Soaper, Supper, Vitamin Q, The Love Drug, Wallbangers, Whore Pills, and Sopor. This list of street names for the drug goes on and on.
Heart palpitations, extreme blood pressure, seizures, and even comas are all possible in the most extreme cases of withdrawal. Unfortunately, people that experience these withdrawal symptoms may fall into a dangerous cardiac arrest. The death rate of people on opiate withdrawal is LOOK THIS UP WHEN YOU GET HOME.
The milder withdrawal symptoms can include things like restlessness, irritability, clammy hands, sweating and loss of appetite. Depending on the substances used and the depth of the
During this stage self-mutilation and harm to others can happen easily due to the “bad trip” the user experiences, they often become disconnected from reality and feel they are in their own world. Due to the vivid hallucinations the user gets, it is common for them to itch at an intense level and to feel that there are bugs under their skin. The user while not be able to sleep for several days at a time. After the “tweaking” stage the user goes through the “crash” , the body shuts down when it is no longer able to cope with the overwhelming effects of the drug. This causes the user to sleep for long periods of time, one to three days. Once the user makes it past the “crash” they go through the “hangover”. During the “hangover” the user returns to reality in a deteriorated, hungry, dehydrated, and physically/mentally/emotionally exhausted state. This stage lasts anywhere between two and fourteen days This causes severe addiction because the user uses the drug to deal with the pain of the
Drugs have been around for a very long time. They are used for a variety of reasons. Some of these reasons include relaxation, socialization, curiosity, stress relief, or a form of escapism. However, most people don’t know the threats and danger that it can cause to the body. In this paper, we are going to examine the changes that happen inside the brain due to the effects of different drugs. We will look closely at how drugs such as hallucinogens, ecstasy, cocaine, heroin, and cannabis affect an individual psychologically. I will explain the origin of the drugs, how a person feels while on the drug, how the drugs
The use of drugs is a controversial topic in society today. In general, addicts show a direct link between taking drugs and suffering from their effects. People abuse drugs for a wide variety of reasons. In most cases, the use of drugs will serve a type of purpose or will give some kind of reward. These reasons for use will differ with different kinds of drugs. Various reasons for using the substance can be pain relief, depression, anxiety and weariness, acceptance into a peer group, religion, and much more. Although reasons for using may vary for each individual, it is known by all that consequences of the abuse do exist. It is only further down the line when the effects of using can be seen.
Have you ever dealt with the effects of drug addict? A drug is a person who is addicted to drugs or alcohol, which has a psychological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body. The effects of drug use can vary depending on the person. According to “Causes and types of narcotic addiction: A Psychosocial View” in the Psychiatric Quarterly it says, “The causes of drugs stem from the manner of which you were introduced to it whether it be by abnormal curiosity, chance encounters with addicts and narcotic peddlers, or prolonged illness” (Ausubel). The effects of drugs can be have different effects on everyone differently depending if its for pleasure or for relieving pain Most of the effects of drugs occur in the brain, where it increases the level of dopamine at a specific site possibly giving the addict the pleasure they were feigning for (Robbins). As a child I didn’t know much about drugs except for what your parents and teachers at school tell you which is, “Just Say No.”