Drug Testing Is Becoming More And More Prevalent Today

2109 WordsDec 7, 20169 Pages
Drug testing is becoming more and more prevalent in today’s society. Dr. Ozminkowki claims that “Over 80% of the large employers in the United States use some form of testing to detect drug use” (Ozminkowski et al. 151) Ever since drug testing was introduced in the 1980’s, there has been a debate over its use. Before this is discussed in detail, I will begin by defining drug testing. According to dictionary.com drug testing is “any test administered to detect the presence of drugs, esp. from a blood or urine sample and esp. for illegal substances.” This definition in hand, I will now elaborate on the four main different types of drug testing commonly performed. The four main types are pre-employment testing, random drug testing, post-incident drug testing, and diagnostic screening. The only types of drug testing this paper concerns is random drug testing, the process of randomly selecting a portion of employees to be drug tested, and pre-employment drug testing, the process of testing new applicants for drugs prior to hiring. The main purpose of random drug testing is deterrence. This is supposed to work because the drug test could happen at any time; the drug user does not have enough time to eliminate all the drugs from their body as with a pre-employment test. Although there are concerns with the cost, invasion of privacy, and security of drug testing, drug testing should be done to deter workers from drug use because drug use is a major health concern and costs
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