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Drug Testing Workplace

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In our changing world and changing society it is important that we understand the growing issue of legal or illegal drug use in the workplace. 70% of the estimated 14.8 million Americans who use illegal drugs are employed. Marijuana is the most commonly used and abused illegal drug by employees, followed by cocaine, with prescription drug use steadily increasing (“Drugs” 1). There are no requirements for private employers to have a drug-free workplace policy other than federal contractors as well as safety industry positions. The most common reasons we drug test; required by law, reasonable suspicion, random, prior history, and workplace accidents. Not all employers are required to drug test but nearly 80 percent of large corporations in the…show more content…
During the interview process an employer needs to mention that there will be a drug test administered if the candidate is offered employment, this is to prevent hiring individuals who use drugs. The (ADA) prohibits pre-employment testing for alcohol use. Post-accident. When an incident happens at the workplace employee(s) need to be drug tested. Testing the injured employee, the employee who caused the accident will need to go to a separate facility where blood can be drawn to test for drugs or alcohol. Random. An unannounced, unpredictable basis for any employee whose information has been placed in a computer generated data base. Employees can be randomly tested for any given reason, after completing treatment for drug and alcohol addiction and if there is suspicion an employee is abusing drugs. Periodical: Drug testing can be administered monthly, quarterly, or yearly depending on the companies polices. Returning to work: once an employee has completed the required treatment for substance abuse they must be tested and have a negative test to be able to return to…show more content…
The five-panel test screens for signs of marijuana, cocaine, phencyclidine, amphetamines and opiates. Amphetamines include illegal drugs such as methamphetamines, speed, crank and ecstasy. There are five primary drug tests they include urine, blood, hair, saliva, and sweat. Urine is the most common way to test for drug or alcohol abuse but there are new sampling methods on the rise. Urine is the least expensive and least intrusive. The urine drug test usually screens for alcohol, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, marijuana, cocaine, PCP, and opioids (narcotics). Hair sampling, human hair samples are easy to collect, store, and transport, and they are difficult to adulterate (Busick, p. 1). Metabolites of drug use are transferred from the bloodstream, form sweat or oily secretions into or onto the hair, where they cannot be washed or bleached out (Busick, p. 1). Hair samples can detect marijuana, cocaine, PCP, opiates, and amphetamines. Oral fluids samples test saliva and can detect drug use from one hour to five days after use. Marijuana metabolites cannot be detected through oral samples. To collect sweat samples a person must wear a skin patch for 7 to 10 days. Drugs can be detected that occurred shortly before the patch was applied or while the patch was worn. Problems with this method include contamination by chemicals present on the skin when the patch is applied; tampering
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