Drug Trafficking And The Criminal Justice System

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This paper explains the consequences that drug traffickers face in today’s criminal justice system; those consequences being classed as controlled substances, federal trafficking sentences, offender and offense characteristics, and the effects of illegal drug trade on society. When the federal government labels a substance as controlled, this means the possession and distribution of these substances are governed by law. These laws are formulated in accordance with 21 U.S. Code § 811 – 814 - Authority to Control; Standards and Schedules. Both federal and state laws come into play on drug trafficking cases. There are a great deal of federal drug law in addition to each state having its own drug laws. Policymakers generally pass these laws to discourage drug cartels but it is often the street dealers that are prosecuted. “There were 80,035 cases reported the United States Sentencing Commission in fiscal year 2013. Of these cases 22,215 involved drug trafficking (U.S. Sentencing Commission 2014).” As seen in recent years, the division of government administrations and departments over how the ‘War on Drugs’ should be conducted, has divided society all because of drug trafficking. Although the trafficking of drugs degrades local, state, and federal economies, drug trafficking also reduces health for those that use and are in close contact with individuals both physically and psychologically. The penalties for drug trafficking are categorized and divided into many areas but not
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