Dualism And Dualism Between The Mind And Body And Materialistic World

946 Words Sep 24th, 2015 4 Pages
Both monism and dualism, ideas debated amongst philosophers for centuries, involve trying to explain the relation between the mind and body, or if there even is such a correlation. A monist believes that a person is singular in their being. This means that monists do not distinguish the mind from the body, or even reality from the physical world, such as life after death (Schaffer 32). For a monist, reality is confined to the materialistic world. Oppositely, there is dualism. Though there are many different forms, at it its core, dualism is the idea that the essence of the mind (e.g. who one is as a person) is separate from the physical body (Churchland, 84). Because many religions are based on a belief in the soul and life after death, dualism is a view commonly held among the public (Churchland, 84). Subsequently, I will argue in support of the type of dualism known as substance dualism and the idea of the mind being separate from the body and materialistic world. Substance dualism is the idea that the mind is its own entity, and that it is not confined to the physical world. Paul Churchland explained the idea as “a distinct nonphysical thing” and “a thing whose identity may be temporarily “attached”” (Churchland 84). One point made for this view poses the idea that because the soul cannot be seen, and therefore cannot be broken down in more parts, it must exist separately from the body (Swineburne 1). This was a view held by the well-known philosopher Plato…
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