The social constructionist theory. Not too long ago did we study this and grace our minds with the reading by Fausto Sterling entitled Dueling Dualism. As a recap can anyone tell me what the four features of a social constructionist approach are? Ah yes so as they said, The four features of a social constructionist perspective are as follows; sex is not given by nature, but is produced, culture, cultural meanings and history play a part in constructing the differences in sex, operations of power, such as big business and medicine, are central to the social construction of sex, and lastly if sex is constructed, then it can be reconstructed. These four constructs apply not only to sex, but to gender and sexuality as well and are the reason that the socially constructed identities or
Julia Hartmann November 30, 2017 Essay #2 Leibniz’s law TA: Jordan Bell A Dualist’s Point of View: How Mental States are distinct from Physical States The mind and the body are very controversial entities that has caused philosophical debate between dualists and physicalists. Common knowledge states that the mind inevitably will affect what the body does. The mind and body issue is a question of what the nature of the mind is and how it relates to the body. The mind is the psychological aspect of your being as in your mental state. The body is all physical parts of you: your height, weight, color. With all this in mind, we can use Leibniz’s Law to make an argument supporting either a physicalist or dualist point of view. I will be
In my mind, dualism is a more attractive view to take when considering the mind-brain issue. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of dualism. One reason it appeals to me is because of my religion, my Catholic upbringing. Introspection is another good reason why dualism is a little more logical to me than materialism.. It logically explains why the mind and brain are separate. Also, the divisibility argument raises good points to allow dualism to appear to be the more attractive idea in my eyes.
Our spiritual nourishment from it changes according to imposed ideologies, and as vicious as humans can be, some of them rips apart our own consciousness and makes us part of something other than a part of ourselves.
This is shown in The Lord of the Flies by watching the boys on the island transform from good boys to killers. Situations like this would rather be kept in the realm of fiction, but the Stanford Prison Experiment shows that good, normal people can become cruel. Throughout the whole book, a beast is mentioned, that turns out to be the evil inside every person. This beast shows the reader that no matter what, evil can never truly be escaped. Sadly, every single person that is living and breathing has an ability to do wrong, and hurt their brothers and sisters, but what is done with that capability determines the kind of person one strives to
The human mind understands the difference between good and evil because of experience. As people, what one perceives influences mankind in many ways. Over the course of history, people have been known to do terrible acts that in their mind was for the greater good. These two balanced forces can sometimes out weigh each other in many situations. What is good and evil in this world?
The history of literature is full of good and evil struggling against each other, often in the forms of heroes and villains. It seems as if we, the readers, need a clear distinction between these two in order to grasp which one of them we ought to support, and which one to fear. In reality, though, people are neither completely good nor evil. Most people are complex and can have very different traits, traits that even contradict each other. As previously mentioned, when first looking at Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein it seems as if Victor is a kind and good-natured man, whilst the creature is cold-hearted and brutal. But when looking more closely at the text, the labels which we willingly attribute to the characters become more indistinct. Moreover, a great many similarities between the two can even be found, and the traits that the first character lacks, the other
It seems very funny, ironic and challenging to try and understand the mind. Perhaps that is why we continue to have so many questions about it. After all, we are trying to understand the entity, or matter that does the understanding in the first place? One fundamental question that has guided this endeavor is, “what is the mind?” and more specifically, “what is the mind in relation to the brain?”(Friedenburg & Silverman, 2012: 26) Three theories have emerged as the prevailing thoughts in today’s age that try and make sense of the mind: monism, dualism and functionalism. Each have their own strengths and weaknesses, but all-in-all, I believe that dualism is the strongest theory. It supports my Christian belief system and best explains what
Mental Duality Everyone is familiar with the famous Rubin face-vase drawing, a black and white print in which one can simultaneously perceive faces by focusing on the black ink or a vase by focusing on the white. If I announce that this is a picture of a vase, am I right? However you announce you see a picture of two faces, are you right? Who’s right? Are we both right? Or are we both wrong? Is it right and wrong; good and evil? I believe neurobiological research, as well as personal anecdotal study; have demonstrated that dichotomous thinking, (mental duality) is an appropriate expectation for developing brains. However an evolved adult brain has developed the ability (free will) to reconcile their emotional reactivity with
Understanding how our brain works can help us understand why all individuals have unconscious biases. Blair (2007) gave an example of the elephant and the blind man story where six blind people, who have never seen an elephant, had different description of an elephant (pillar, rope, thick branch of a
In many cases, there are various things that make life, in a sense, worth living. Matters of the heart and mind tend to become confused and internal conflicts arise. In addition to these internal conflicts, there are also many outside factors that can cause turmoil as well. Individuals themselves have various ways of dealing with the turmoil they may face in their lives, but a majority of people in our world today, turn to religion, in their best efforts to explain the unexplainable. Religion however is not always a two way street, going one way or the other. The belief in something much higher than secular humanity definitely can cause some confusion in and of itself, allowing people to look for different outlets and denominations of an unexplored
Part 1: An Abbreviated Intellectual History of Thinking About the Mind In social cognition, theory of mind refers to a person’s ability to make causal attributions about other people’s mental states and actions. Though our understanding of the mind has increased in sophistication with advances in science, the task of reasoning about others
With every tv series, there is a “flash” and a “zoom." With every book, there is Robert Langdon and Sir Leigh Teabing. Some say they are heroes and villains, others protagonists and antagonist. To me, our minds have different perspectives that basically divide into two groups. There is no definite name to give to these groups. With the two paths that exist in our choices, people take either of the two. There is no set right and wrong or good and bad, it’s our perceptions that take a stand in our decisions.
Discerning good from evil is a particularly common theme in the present society, considering that it basically stands as a storyline for a series of books, motion pictures, video games, and similar concepts. Moreover, most of these products set clear definitions of the difference between good and evil by focusing on portraying evil as being associated with stereotypes. Similarly, good is associated with ideas such as honesty, the color white, or beauty, considering that these are stereotypes generally associated with the forces of good. Even with this, such stereotypes have made it difficult for people to have a complex understanding of the concept of morality.
Religion and Spirituality Since the dawn of human life, people have eternally been searching for the purpose of existence. Humans are innately curious beings, and are blessed to have the capabilities of higher thought processes. Humans use these thought processes to ponder the