During The Early Twentieth Century, Life Changed Drastically

1193 WordsMay 5, 20175 Pages
During the early twentieth century, life changed drastically for citizens living throughout Europe. After the end of World War I, major shifts in economic, social, and political aspects of life led to the rise of totalitarian governments across Europe. Different forms of totalitarianism sprang up in Italy, Hungary, Germany, France, Russia, and even Spain, where their civil war resulted in a totalitarian government. After the devastation wrought by World War I, Europeans became desperate for change and pondered the thought of nationalistic extremism, extremism leaning towards both right and the left. Germany and Italy endured extreme financial stress after the conclusion of World War I. Germany faced an economic depression as a result of…show more content…
3). Russia also struggled economically and needed to raise taxes. Wallace demonstrated this point: “The present money and taxes are often more burdensome than the labour dues in old times” (Russian Revolution, p. 6). Russians faced difficult economic times as a result of taxes to minimize the financial impact of the war. Social conditions also changed after WWI ended as European societies strayed away from democratic ideals. In an attempt to regain pride, European citizens succumbed to nationalistic movements. Social and political division occurred in Germany as the Social Democrats enacted the Weimar Constitution, yet the German Workers Party rejected these principles as they saw the Weimar Republic as illegitimate. Italians faced similar social unrest with the battle of fascists v. communists, resulting in violent gang warfare. Blackshirts expressed the support of fascist ideals, whereas the Reds strived to implement communism. Alfred Rocco had this to say about the fascists merits, “Instead, we substitute our formula: disciplined control of inequality and thus hierarchy and organization within the state; free competition and struggle in external relationships between nations, in order that a result of their inequality, those nations should exert themselves… to the function that devolves on every powerful and capable nation” (Fascism, p. 2). The people of Italy were highly vulnerable in their weakened state as a nation,
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