During adolescents, there is an increased vulnerability for depression due to biological,

1100 WordsApr 23, 20195 Pages
During adolescents, there is an increased vulnerability for depression due to biological, cognitive, and socio-environmental changes. For this paper, I will be discussing Scarlet, a 16 year old Hispanic female whose parents have divorced two years ago, and because of that Scarlet has been displaying symptoms of Persistent Depressive Disorder and Oppositional and Defiant Disorder. This paper will review literature which supports Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as being an effective form of treatment for depression with adolescents. I will also review literature which supports Family Therapy as being an effective treatment for adolescents with parent-child relational problems. I will also discuss any issues related to culture,…show more content…
Depression can affect many areas of a young person’s life developmentally whether its academics, cognitive, social, or family functioning. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been used as an effective form of treatment for depression in adolescents. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an evidenced based approach used to treat a variety of mental health disorders in younger people such as anxiety, ODD, ADHD, and a range of other negative behaviors. According to Radke, Sakow, and Zack (2012), CBT is directive, structured, time-limited, problem-focused and goal-oriented. CBT works on a lot of collaboration with the client during weekly sessions that can total up to twenty sessions, but could be more given the severity of the symptoms the client is experiencing. CBT interventions used usually include psychoeducation which is educating the client and families about their diagnosis as well as helping them understand the connection between their thoughts, feelings and behaviors. To me I think this is the foundation of CBT, and I think Scarlet and her family could certainly benefit from psychoeducation as the first step toward restoring social functioning. Mood monitoring is also another intervention used during CBT. For example giving Scarlet a checklist to rate her mood on a scale of 1 to 10 before and after a session could be a good intervention. Even giving her a journal to link her mood and her thoughts in order to track what might

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