Durkheim’s theories focusing on sociological methodology, division of labor and social solidarity

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Essay 3 – Durkheim 03/29/2014 DURKHEIM: A SUMMARY OF THEORIES IN RELATION TO MARX AND WEBER Durkheim’s theories focusing on sociological methodology, division of labor and social solidarity The majority of Durkheim’s work is interested in society and societies ability to preserve coherence and rationality an period of increasing modernity. Throughout his work Durkheim was intensely concerned that society become a legitimate science, this is especially obvious when reading the book ‘Emile Durkheim: Selected Readings in which he goes into great detail about the need for ‘procedure to guide research’. Durkheim aimed to employ the methodologies, techniques of laboratory experimentation to human social interactions. His studies on…show more content…
Durkheim also states that “anomie is completely impossible wherever interdependent organize are sufficiently in contact and sufficiently extensive” as they have a constant and active sentiment of mutual dependence (Giddens 184). When comparing Marx, Weber and Durkheim it is crucial to grasp their individual theories on the division of labor, as these ideals and concepts form the centerpiece of all theories relating to how society works. The divisions between the three theorists is not focused on the question as to whether a division exists but the theoretical differences prevalent among the three originate from how society reacts to this division of labor. In essence Marx viewed the division of labor as the cause of all conflict, stating that it was an unnatural incident that has been made to seem natural. One could use Durkheim’s theory of social fact to describe this acceptance of division of labor, as division of labor could be described as something formed externally of its individual manifestations but still imposing external influences upon the individual. For Marx the division of labor is enforced solely to the advantage of the owner in order to exploit the working classes for persona gain. Marx also states that the inability to resolve the conflict of division of labor, property and class will lead to alienation and estrangement and eventually the revolt of the proletariat. This is in direct

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