E Procurement System : Information Technology Based System

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An e-procurement system is an information technology based system which is at the input end of the supply chain. These systems have been increasingly connected and embedded with other infrastructures to initiate growth of the companies. Due to which, they have become an integral part of the supply chain management. E-procurement system can improve the effectiveness of operation processes and transparency of supply chain since it helps to improve the efficiency of value creation.
E-procurement has four functions: e-design, e-sourcing, e-negotiation, and e-evaluation. E-design refers to the setting of purchasing requirements on an electronic procurement system; e-sourcing refers to the process wherein an enterprise selects its suppliers
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It also enhances the flexibility of product specifications and can establish a faster product/service than its competitors.
Theoretical Framework
This framework explains the relationships among processes in e-procurement. Partner relationships, information sharing, and supply chain integration are the proposed processes that connect e-procurement systems with supply chain performances.

Results of the Case Study
All the managers recognised that supply chain performance is important in improving competitive advantage. They evaluated the supply chain based on tangible (e.g. cost) and intangible perspectives (e.g. time). The companies also had high-level communication information with their partners in the supply chain, in which they exchanged information regarding accuracy, value and criticality. The companies acknowledged that e-procurement enhanced partner relationships, information sharing, and supply chain integration.
For the study, a survey questionnaire was created. Tangible and intangible dimensions were used to measure supply chain performance. Tangible dimensions referred to costs and benefits, whereas intangible dimensions captured the aspect of subjective evaluations of capacity utilization and flexibility judgments. Reciprocity and bonding were also used to measure partner relationships. Reciprocity referred to the empathy aspect of relationships, whereas bonding referred the
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