EDFE101 ASSESSMENT 3- MAJOR ESSAY How can Vygotsky’s notion of the ‘Zone of Proximal Development’,

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EDFE101 ASSESSMENT 3- MAJOR ESSAY How can Vygotsky’s notion of the ‘Zone of Proximal Development’, and the related concept of ‘scaffolding’, be used to provide appropriate education and support to the full range of students in the classroom? The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is a concept by Lev Vygotsky that provides appropriate education and support to the full range of students in the classroom. This concept requires teachers or ‘experts’ to assist students in achieving a higher level of knowledge, one that the students would not be able to achieve by themselves. Scaffolding is a similar concept in the sense that it also utilises experts boosting, as well as guiding students into a higher level of learning. With the importance and…show more content…
108). Although scaffolding is not a concept of Vygotsky’s, it works in conjunction with the zone of proximal development in providing the framework for students learning what they are incapable of learning independently. Scaffolding can be described as “a finely tuned adult support and indirect mediation of children’s learning and understanding” (Verenikina, 2013, pp. 110). Simply put, scaffolding is a metaphor that describes and explains the role that experts have in guiding students to learn and develop within their zone of proximal development. The concept of scaffolding requires teachers to use a “range of conceptual, material and linguistic tools and technologies to lead students towards understanding” (Scarino & Liddicoat, 2009, pp. 54). The zone of proximal development calls attention to the challenges associated with particular tasks. In order for a task to be an appropriate learning tool in the classroom, teachers must select a task that is within the context of skills that have already been attained by the students, which also functions as a bridge out of what they already know how to do (Benko, 2012). This further emphasises that it is essential for the zone of

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