EIA Policies in India and its Drawbacks

611 Words Jan 30th, 2018 2 Pages
Screening is a regulatory process. The developers normally does the work and submits the report to the regulatory board.
Screening’s outcome decides whether a EIA is required or not, if yes then whether it is of Rapid EIA or Comprehensive EIA after which they also check for whether a project requires clearance as per statutory notification at state level or national level.
And suppose it is a Rapid EIA- one season data is required (apart from monsoon) and if it is comprehensive- three season data is taken.

Screening criteria is based on
1) Scale of investment
2) Type of development and
3) Location of development.
If screening does not clear a project Preliminary Assessment is done for that project.
Preliminary Assessment requires sufficient research, huge amount of data, experts advice on impacts of project, extent of impacts and briefly evaluate the importance to decision makers.
There are lots of advantages in preliminary assessment like it helps in assisting project planning, early indication of any serious problem and this step clears the projects need of full EIA.

Scoping
Scoping is the second step in EIA process. It is also one of the important step of EIA.
It is done after the completion of screening and preliminary assessment is done.
It helps in establishing the content or the scope of an EIA report for that particular project.
The main advantage of scoping is that it identifies key issues…

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