Ea is a Trickster God in Both Babylonian Enuma Elish and the Hattian Kamarbi Cycle

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The Babylonian Enuma Elish and the Hattian Kumarbi Cycle are both succession myths that, although written by two different cultures, have certain characters in common, such as the Babylonian god Ea. There are many similarities in the portrayal of Ea in both works. For one, in both works Ea is depicted as a trickster god, deceiving Kumarbi into biting a rock and Apsu into falling asleep in order for him to kill him. However, Ea is also shown to be wise, acting as adviser of the gods in both myths. Moreover, like all trickster gods, Ea shapes the world around him in many ways. One way that he does so in the Enuma Elish is by transforming Anu into his palace, while in the Kumarbi Cycle he allows for Tessub’s birth. In both the Enuma Elish…show more content…
In the Enuma Elish, Ea uses Apsu’s dead body to create the underground reservoir of fresh water that is to be his palace. As the author states , “he set up his dwelling on top of Apsu…then he rested quietly inside his private quarters and named them Apsu and assigned chapels, founded his own residence there, and Ea and Damskina his lover dwelt in splendour.” Another similarity in both works is Ea’s portrayal as adviser of the gods. After overthrowing Apsu and making him his palace, in the Enuma Elish, Ea fathered Marduk and to him advised on how to proceed in the creation of someone to do the gods’ bidding, the creation of humans. He told him to “let one who is hostile to [the gods] be surrendered, let him be destroyed, and let people be created (from him).” Thus, Qingu, who “incited Tiamat and gathered an army” against the gods, was killed, and Ea created mankind from his blood, “impos[ing] the toil of the gods on them and releas[ing] the gods from it.” In the Kumarbi Cycle, Tessub and his brother Tasmisu go to Ea to “ask for the tablets containing the ancient words” that will somehow help defeat Ullikummi. Ea seems to have provided them with pleasurable news since Tasmisu “kisses him on the knees three times; he kissed him on the ankles four times.” The similarities of Ea’s portrayal in both works of arts serve to show the shared idea of

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