Early Childhood Curriculum

2748 Words Apr 10th, 2013 11 Pages
Discuss Early Childhood Curriculum approaches: Compare and Contrast of High/Scope, Reggio and Te Whariki

Introduction: Early Childhood is an important stage of children’s life. By interacting with people around (each other and the adults), children explore and make sense of the world around them. A successful early childhood curriculum should fulfill children’s need to give children rich experience at the most important developmental stage of their lives. This paper will critically discuss, compare and contrast High/Scope, Reggio Emilia to Te Whariki, at the end of this paper the author will talk about own philosophy of early childhood education.

Hi/Scope Curriculum was developed in US in 1962 in Michcigan, this programme was designed
…show more content…
Adults arrange interest areas in the learning environment; maintain a daily routine that permits children to learn actively; and join in children's activities, asking questions that extend children's plans and help them think through what they do. They encourage children to engage in a variety of key experiences that contribute to their own development.” (Sheinehart, 2003)

Comparing with Te Whariki (the National Curriculum Framework for Early Childhood of New Zealand), Te Whariki is adopted Vygotsky’s sociolcultural approach, it is a bicultural document, which is written in both English and Maori. “The developers of Te Whariki developed a framework that has implemented a bicultural perspective, an anti-racist approach and reciprocal relationships with the Maori Community in New Zealand”(Soler &Miller, 2003, p,62)

Reggio Emilia is a small town of about 130,000 people in Northern Italy. The approach was developed at the end of World War Two by the local community. Since then, “the city of Reggio Emilia has been developing an educational system for young children through the collaborative efforts of parents, teachers, and the general community, under the guiding influence of Loris Malaguzzi” (Hewett, 2001, p,95).
In 1991, Newsweek magazine
Open Document