Early Childhood Education And Care

1751 WordsApr 25, 20168 Pages
Early childhood education and care is defined as the educational programs and strategies geared towards children from birth to the age of eight, these cover both prior-to-school learning and the early years of primary school (Ailwood, Boyd, Theobald 2016). Early childhood settings are often known to be long day cares, occasional care, family day care, preschools and kindergartens (Early Years Learning Framework 2009 page 8). These environments are safe, caring, welcoming environments that promote learning in a child’s mind by encouraging the use of real life scenarios. Lev Vygotsky observed this in his own daughter, he once said that “play is defined by the presence of an imaginary situation, where children change the meaning of actions and subjects to give them a new sense” (Colliver and Fleer 2016). In education pedagogy’s today, there are many theories that are involved in the way we teach children every day. Theorists such as Doctor Maria Montessori, Howard Gardner, Erik Ericson and Burrhus Frederic (B.F) Skinner have influenced modern day education and the standard curriculum by introducing and encouraging their theories, theories such as operant conditioning by B.F Skinner, or Howard Gardner’s theory of the multiple intelligences. Each of these play their own roles in every classroom in the form of teaching plans and disciplinary methods. Focusing on the concept of cognitive development and how it relates with play-based learning, research shows that play can be
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