Early Civilizations: Ancient Egypt

Better Essays
Early Civilizations: Egyptians

Amanda Arthur
History 2321
World History

I have always been fascinated with Egyptian culture. I liked how forward thinking the Egyptians were, how they built pyramids and large statues with the tools that are now obsolete. I like the status that women held in ancient Egypt. Women in Egypt at that time were allowed more freedoms than many other women of the same time. There are so many varying reasons to love the Egyptians and because of this I would pick their infant civilization to be a part of. Let’s take a step back in time and relive what we know about the Egyptians.
Religion in ancient Egypt was focused around the Gods. Every aspect of life was affected by the grace of a God. People in Egypt
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They also conveyed the power of the pharaohs who had grand plans for the afterlife. I think the biggest thing is the sheer engineering and will power it took to construct these buildings. The main ones that come to mind when you think of Egypt are the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. As we discussed before Pharaohs were considered human Gods. “To prepare for the next world they erected temples to the gods and massive pyramid tombs for themselves—filled with all the things each ruler would need to guide and sustain himself in the next world.” 3 (Handwerk, p.2) The Pyramids were built over a long period of time using stone that weighed in the thousands of pounds. This was all physical labor as there were no machines advanced enough to do this type of work. Many laborers participated in the construction to display Egypt’s wealth and strength. Even the placement of the pyramids had meaning, “…the massive monument was designed to align with the points of the compass…” 4 (Nix, 2015). According to Hancock’s Fingerprints of the Gods “…the three pyramids were a terrestrial map of the three stars of Orion's belt”. 5 (Hancock, 1995, p375) Essentially stating the Egyptians placed the pyramids in their respected positions purposefully. Whether you believe that theory or not, it is a very interesting point to be made. Were ancient Egyptians so in tuned with the Gods they wanted an identical version of…show more content…
Most women were considered still beneath men but had power of their own. Women could own land and businesses, be priestesses or maintain a home. It really depended on their individual position in society. There were women Pharaohs such as Hatshepsut, and Nefertiti. There were also doctors, scribes and concubines, whom were all educated. Many women were illiterate, but many still held important positions. They could enter a marriage or leave it with their property intact. Many marriages were formed for political or monetary reasons and not love. Women were important in family roles. That tradition carries on today. Family ties and matriarchal roles are still present in Egypt today. Fertility was important, and ancient Egypt had Goddesses for that. Most marriages were monogamous. And in most marriages women and men worked alongside each other to support their families. Husbands and wives were usually buried together, except for the Pharaoh who would construct a separate temple for his “Great Wife” or main
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