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Early Civilizations

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According to the article entitled “Rise and Fall of Ancient Civilizations (2000-1000 BCE) (n.d.),” some of the reasons that caused the downfall of the early civilations are plague and military losses, volcanic destruction, constant warfare and earthquakes, overpopulation which may have caused famine, and the inability of the rulers to control and distribute the food. The Sumerian civilization declined when the wars and struggle among the city-states became more intense. Wars originated from the rivalry over scarce land and water in the region. In addition, groups beyond the regions continued to migrate and settle in Mesopotamia. Since the Fertile Crescent did not have natural barriers, migration and invasion were relatively easy. Finally,
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