Early Developmental Experiences

Decent Essays
Early developmental experiences can have dramatic effects on the child and can last well into adulthood. “Researchers have long considered early adverse experiences as having a great etiological significance in the development of depression” (Gotlib, & Hammen, 2014, Chapter 12, loc. 6420). There is a strong link between chronic depression and abuse or maltreatment from childhood (Gotlib, & Hammen, 2014). There are many differing theories as to why early adverse experiences can be linked to depression, including genetics.
Interestingly, when a mother is stressed during her pregnancy; concerning behavioral development can cultivate in the child. Additionally, stress has other negative effects on the neonate, leading to poor outcomes including; low birthweight, fussiness, prematurity inadaptability, unpredictability, and irritability (Gotlib, & Hammen, 2014). These effects can further complicate the mothers’ ability to bond with her infant, leading to maladaptive developmental behavior in the child. “The corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) regulates the endocrine stress response precipitates abnormal biological,
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Stress can be cumulative, combining sexual, physical abuse watching parental violence (especially if intense and repeated), and exposure to parents’ alcohol problems. All of these different factors combined with genetics can lead to attachment issues leading to negative expectations for the self and relationships, internalizing, viewing the self as; unlovable, hopeless, and helpless. Early adverse experiences may be linked with the later emergence of depression and other outcomes by following many different pathways (Gotlib & Hammen, 2014). Prevention and early interventions increase the chances of success and better
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