Early Generation Vietnamese Americans : An Investigation On Attitudes

1749 WordsMar 14, 20177 Pages
Heritage Language Maintenance in Second-Generation Vietnamese Americans: an Investigation on Attitudes Chi Phan ERE220 Spring 2017 California State University, Fresno Lit¬erature review This study investigates the attitudes of second-generation Vietnamese Americans towards Vietnamese language maintenance. The purpose of this literature review is (1) to describe the theoretical framework of the study and (2) to analyze and summarize current research on the problem of practice. In terms of the theoretical framework, the main theoretical emphasis is on heritage language maintenance in the context of migration. The section will give a brief overview on types of language contact phenomena, in particular (1a) language maintenance and shift; and…show more content…
147). In comparison, language shift means that a community completely abandons its language for the sake of another one (Fishman, 1966). Anglicization. Empirical research generally supports a pattern of language shift in relative language dominance from the first language to the second language of immigrant populations that takes place within three generations of arrival to the United States. This model of language, defined as Anglicization, was first established by the sociolinguists Fishman (1966, 1972), and Veltman (1983). The process is stated to occur as following: first of all, some individuals of the first immigrant generations learn English, but they generally prefer to speak their native language, especially at home. Thus, their children (the second generations) usually grow up as bilinguals, but many of them prefer English, even in communicating with their first-generation parents (Lopez, 1996). Consequently, by the third generations, the prevalent pattern is English monolingualism, and knowledge of the mother tongue is fragmentary. Portes and Rumbaut ( 2005) elaborated this occurrence as “By the third generation, foreign languages were a distant memory and ethnic identities were social conveniences, displayed on selected occasions but subordinate to overwhelming American selves” (p.986). According to the study of Alba, Logan, Lutz and Stults (2002), this three-generation model of language shift was documented
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