Early Jewish Migration to Maryland

2104 WordsJul 11, 20189 Pages
The Early Waves of Jewish Migration to Maryland Introduction: The state of Maryland is current home to over 235,000 self-identified Jewish residents, making up over 4% of the total state population (JDB, 159). Today, Jewish Marylanders live in an open, welcoming environment, but this was not always the case. When the first Jewish settlers landed in St. Mary’s City, political equality was only a hope for the distant future. The first wave of Jewish migration to Maryland was marked by a trend of percolation rather then influx migration. Jews in the area practiced a quiet observance rather then an open profession of faith. After the Revolutionary War, urbanization increased and wave two of Jewish migration began. But it wasn’t…show more content…
He was also overheard saying that all miracles attributed to Jesus were preformed by magic. Lumbrozo was quickly arrested and sent to jail. He remained in jail until he was freed many years latter in a general pardon (Stern, 292). Even though suffrage was a right granted to all white males nationally, Jewish men in Maryland could not vote until the early 1800’s. The same could be said for the right to hold state office. The Act of 1715 required that the oath of abjuration was added to the end of all oaths of state office. The words “upon the truth faith of a Christian” were administered to all people currently in state office or who were thereafter sworn into state office (Rabinove, 137). This officially excluded any Jewish person from holding a state position. Eight years latter, an act was passed to “punish blasphemers, swearers, drunkards, and Sabbath breakers” and in addition spell out the appropriate punishment “if any person shall hereafter within this province… deny our Savior Jesus Christ to be the Son of God, or shall deny the Holy Trinity” (AMO). Punishment for a first offence was a fine and a tongue boarding, while punishment for the second a fine and a B branded on the forehead. If a person was convicted a third time they were put to death. Because of acts like these, Jewish residents at the time tended to keep their religious affiliation on the backburner. Publicly observant Jews were few and far between. As one of the original 13
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