Early Medieval Music : The Medieval Era Of Music

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After the fall of the Roman Empire, in 450 the Medieval Era of music began. Early medieval music was influenced by the Roman Catholic Church with most compositions being sacred and not secular. Gregorian Chant was a melody set to sacred texts and is sung without accompaniments. There was also no meter, monotone texture, narrow pitch range and varied melody movements. Hildegard of Bingen was a female composer who wrote many Gregorian Chants, one being Kyrie the first part of the Mass. As far as secular music, the troubadours and trouveres were responsible for creating songs mostly about love. The Medieval Era was responsible for developing polyphony in music.
After a thousand years the Renaissance Era began with advancements in music as well as the real world with explorers like Columbus traveling the globe making new discoveries. This era saw new instruments such as the organ, lute, and recorder come into fruition. The mass remained to be an important sacred music in addition to the motet. Motets were any sacred music other than the mass. Josquin Des Prez composed both masses and motets. The madrigal was a secular vocal music created during this time that used polyphony and word painting which is essentially used to enhance meaning and emotion of a text. The Renaissance Era was responsible for developing polyphonic imitation with homophonic voices.
The Baroque Era began in 1600 with the creation instrumental music and the Baroque Orchestra, a group of instrumentalist playing
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