Early Pregnancy Among Adolescent Females With Serious Emotional Disturbances

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Purpose: The article “Early Pregnancy among Adolescent Females with Serious Emotional Disturbances: Risk Factors and Outcomes” suggest that teenage pregnancy has many disadvantages that affect the child, mother, and society as a whole. Adolescents who have children early are less likely to provide adequately for their children, more likely to drop out of school, and receive assistance from the government (Yampolsya, Brown, & Greenban, 2002). Yampolsya et al., (2002) hypothesized that risk factors are greater for adolescents with serious emotional disturbances than those without. There are two purposes the study aims to investigate. The first purpose was to investigate certain risk factors to determine if they are associated with teen…show more content…
The participant’s used for the study were a part of the NACTS longitudinal study. The NACTS recruited participants from residential mental health facilities in the community. The study initially consisted of 202 female participants with emotional disturbances; however twelve participants were excluded due to severe cognitive disabilities. The remainder sample population comprised of 190 participants. The sample population made up of sixty seven percent white females, twenty three percent African Americans, seven percent Hispanics, and three percent identified as other. There were multiple variables assessed throughout the study. The adolescent’s risk factors and outcomes were thoroughly investigated. The risk factors were defined as sociodemographic characteristics which were measured by race, family income, school dropout and age of participant’s mother when she gave birth. The psychological characteristics were measured by the adolescent’s self-esteem and perception of family. The risk factor “psychopathology” was defined as the diagnosis such as conduct disorder, depressive anxiety disorder, and substance abuse. Lastly the outcomes of the study were investigated amongst the eighteen year olds to determine the turnout of young mothers. The outcomes were measured by employment status, income, relying on public assistance, living arrangements and marital status. There
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