Earth Summit 1992

2674 WordsSep 21, 201211 Pages
Earth Summit 1992 The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Rio Summit, Rio Conference, Earth Summit (Portuguese: Eco '92) was a major United Nations conference held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 June to 14 June 1992. In 2012, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development was also held in Rio, and is also commonly called Rio+20 or Rio Earth Summit 2012. was held June 20-22nd. Overview 172 governments participated, with 108 sending their heads of state or government. Some 2,400 representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) attended, with 17,000 people at the parallel NGO "Global Forum" (a.k.a. Forum Global), who had Consultative Status. The issues addressed included:…show more content…
The UN summit focused on three broad concepts: An "Earth Charter" covering a number of principles aiming at development and the protection of the environment, was the first focus for discussion. Secondly, "Agenda 21" was intended to be a global action plan for sustainable development; thirdly, developing countries demanded a substantial increase in new funding from developed countries to contribute to sustainable development in the South. Negotiations attempted to reach agreements at least on the broad outlines of several conventions covering climate change, biological diversity, forests etc. Especially representatives from developing countries emphasised at Rio the importance of their right to economic development, which goes together with growing impacts on the environment, so that industrialised countries have a special responsibility for the realisation of the global environmental goals stated at UNCED. Despite the positive effects in the aftermath and the results of UNCED there were many areas the governments refused or proved to be unable to address properly. When progress was assessed at Rio + 5 (New York, 1997) a number of gaps were identified, particularly with regard to social equity and poverty. This was largely reflected by falling levels of official development assistance (ODA) and growing international debt, along with failures to improve: technology transfer; capacity building for participation and development; institutional
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