Adaptive Failure: Easter's End was written by Jared Diamond and was featured in Discover Magazine in August of 1995, this article was mainly written to discuss the rise and fall of the Easter Island civilization. Easter Island is the world's most isolated habitable land, more than 2,200 miles from the nearest continent (South America), and 1,400 miles from the nearest habitable island (Pitcairn). Diamond concluded that the rise of the Easter Island civilization was around 400 A.D. when the Polynesian ancestors of the Easter Island people.
In the article by Jared Diamond, many interesting theories are discussed about Easter Island’s history and decline. Diamond makes connections to the environmental challenges we face today and he compares the catastrophe of Easter Island to our current over consumption of natural resources. While this article makes for an interesting read, much of it is offered from a single perspective and little counter evidence is offered. The author writes in a way that could engage a non-academic audience who may not be interested in counter evidence, or proper referencing. The article lacks credibility due to its narrow scope and conversational diction. At the root of this discussion however, is the notion that the Rapa Nui people were
The animal I researched is the Geocapromys Thoracatus. Also known as Little Swan Island Hutia. They lived on the Swan Islands of North-Eastern Carribeans in Honduras where their distant cousin the Geocapromys Browni (Jamaican Hutia) also lived. The Carribeans is a very beautiful place, it has clear water and a bunch of trees. The Swan Island Hutia doesn't really have a niche because they emerge from caves and forage on bark,small twigs, and leaves. (www.IUCNredlist.org) (www.flinders.edu.au)
How an ancient, massive statue called a moai has moved from the quarries to its ahu has many people questioning, how did the ancient natives of Easter Island do it? Over the years, archeologists and engineers have tried to answer this question. However all theories of these great occurrences have limitations. This may be because no one truly knows how the ancients of Easter Island lived and how advance their culture may have been. Another reason for these limitations is the natural resources that are available today versus the natural resources of the past. Not only is there a difference in the natural resources available, but the landscape may also differ from the past. Taking these factors into consideration it is still possible to theorize
The Hawaiian Islands were created from volcanoes over the millions of years. The Islands sit on the Pacific Ocean plate and the way these islands were formed was from the hotspots in the earth’s crust and from the underwater volcanoes that soon rise to make land. There is roughly eight islands and I believe there will be more islands created in the future and they will keep shifting northwest. The first island is the oldest and roughly near 5 million years old, while the younger ones aren’t as old. Erosion is a common thing throughout the earth but for the Hawaiian Islands it’s changed the way the structure of the volcanoes and the island as a whole. The main reason why the islands are growing is from the lava the pours out of the volcanoes and builds layers upon layers and expands which expands the land. There is enough supply of lava that comes from the mantle since it’s still an active hot spot and will always be a hotspot.
In the middle of the Pacific Ocean sits a tiny, remote island. Easter Island takes up 64 square miles and is isolated from the rest of the world. What makes this island so interesting is not it’s size or location, but the large statues found on it. Commonly called Moai statues, they resemble men’s faces and weighed over 80 tons. They were sculpted after the tribal leaders that had died and they sat on platforms to look over the people that lived there to look over after them. These monstrous statues were carved out of a quarry on the island with rocks, which took years, and moved to a certain location. For centuries, this island and its inhabitants were a mystery. Who lived on the island? How did they die? Where did they come from? Why were these statues
Over several generations, the people living in Hawaii have negatively altered our islands, which has resulted in an unsustainable environment. Most people living in Hawaii are not practicing sustainability. The things they have are taken for granted, and they usually don’t think twice before acting in ways that will harm the environment, such as littering, wasting food, and hiking off trails. They do not understand that they are disrespecting the ecosystem with such actions. All of these factors determine whether or not Hawaii is a sustainable island.
With the basis being discoveries unveiled through archeology,pollen analysis,and paleontology, Jared Diamond dissects and explores the enigmatic history of the Easter Island civilization in his analytical article “Easter’s End”, written five years prior to the end of the 20th century. In the magazine piece, the isolated island is revealed to have once been a prosperous territory, indicating the depletion of resources and the extinction of wildlife are caused by the negligence of its earlier inhabitants. Considering this fact, the writer concludes with strong implications of the impending calamity that will befall modern society if humans do not learn from their past and take remedial measures.
The Marcus Island healthcare system is characterized as socialized medicine where all residents have access to primary care, pharmaceuticals and diagnostic testing. While residents have access to care, they are responsible for a small portion of the payment at the time of service, and in some cases, those who are willing to pay a premium are afforded better access to services. While patients themselves believe their healthcare is either adequate or good, there are several aspects of the Marcus Island healthcare system that suggest care could be better. Specially, Marcus Island’s health care system has been running increasing budget deficits for the past five years. The health care system lacks access to comprehensive
The Hawaiian Island chain is made up of 132 islands, and the eight main islands are Hawai’i, Maui, O’ahu, Kaua’i, Moloka’i, Lana’i, Ni’ihau, and Kaho’olawe. Hawai’i is also referred to as “The Big Island” so it is not confused with the name of the state. Hawai’i is most likely part of a longer name, so nobody knows what it actually means, but some believe it means something like “Place of the Water of Life” (King, S. K., 2017). Some people believe Maui is named after Maui Kupua, a shaman hero from legends (King, S. K., 2017). Maui is also called “The Valley Island” because it has so many valleys that were formed from the two volcanos on the island (Flanagan, J., 2017). O’ahu is “The Gathering Place” because of its high population and the
Holland Island is a island in the Chesapeake Bay in Dorchester County in Maryland. It was discovered in 1600s and was home to watermen and farmers. It was one of largest inhabited islands in the Chesapeake Bay. It had 70 homes, stores, post office, two-room school with two teacher, a church, baseball team, community center, and a doctor. The islanders had fleet of workboats to catch food from the sea to support themselves.
The humans living in that period were unable to supplement their previous diet, which was rich in protein, and their culture was devastated as a result; this then, is an example of progress (better hunting methods) that led to the failure of an entire culture as its problems were left unsolved. In his third chapter, Wright examines two particular civilizations that thrived but eventually declined due to resource depletion. What is interesting is the similarities that can be drawn from the examples of Easter Island and Sumer, like the widespread ignorance of the masses to actively prevent the abrasion of their land, the perpetual idleness of people to not do anything even when there was enough time to stop the tragic collapse, to current-day situations of people who even flat-out deny climate change and claim it to be part of the left-wing agenda. On Easter Island, it was over-logging that led to their collapse, since as their ecosystem withered away, logging became scarce, and wars broke out for those sparse resources. In Sumer similar environmental destruction occurred (i.e. overgrazing, land clearing), which should alarm the world population of today of what may become of the high levels
My name is Oliver Kirby and I am a historian. For many years now I have been deeply invested in the study of South American and Polynesian history. The magazine ‘The Good Weekend’ approached me with an opportunity to write an article discussing the rise and expansion of Easter Island and then its decline. I will also be discussing if what happened to Easter Island is a microcosm of what might happen to the rest of the world.