Easterbrooks And Graham (1999) Studied How Housing Status

1603 WordsApr 23, 20177 Pages
Easterbrooks and Graham (1999) studied how housing status affected infant attachment. The study consisted of 112 low-income mothers and their infants. Fifty-five of the dyads were homeless and living in shelters for at least seven days while the other 57 dyads were never homeless and living below the poverty line. These families were a hide range of different races and ethnicities including Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic. Mothers completed the Attachment Q-Sort, answering 90 statements about the behaviors of their infant. Unlike many of the other studies, the Strange Situation was not done with these infants. Mothers were also asked about other risk factors such as depression. The differences between race and attachment…show more content…
Some mothers responded immediately showing sensitive responsiveness, while on the other hand, some mothers rarely responded to the infants or were delayed. However, these scores are comparable to the scores found in middle-class American families. The scores are also comparable for secure attachment with American families. This showed that these families in Colombia have a protective factor that help the mothers get higher rates of secure attachment that have not been found in families in poverty in America (Posada et al., 2004). This shows that in other countries poverty is not always a risk factor. Health of the Child Valenzuela (1997) studied families from inner city of Santiago, Chile. Eighty-five mother-infant dyads participated. Each family was below the poverty line and the infant was between 17 and 21 months. The mothers and their infants were interviewed about their maternal sensitivity and then were video taped doing the Strange Situation. Half of the infants were considered malnourished at the time of the study. Unlike other studies, there were no significant differences in the genders (Valenzuela, 1997). Of the children that were at normal weight for age, these infants had rates of secure attachment of 50% (Valenzuela, 1997). This is lower than the rates for in North America for middle class. Avoidant attachment was higher at 23% and anxious attachment was much higher at 22%. Only 2% were classified as disorganized

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