Eating Disorders : An Unhealthy Consumption Level Of Food

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An eating disorder is an unhealthy consumption level of food and/or attempt to regulate weight using different means (“restricting food intake, binge eating, and purging food through self-induced vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, enemas, fasting, excessive exercise, or overeating”) (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Bulimia nervosa is a severe eating disorder associated with episodic binge eating followed by extreme behaviors to avoid weight gain such as self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives, or excessive exercise (Frank, G. 2011). Eating disorders have existed for a long time and have been documented all over the world (Engel, B., Staats Reiss, N., & Dombeck, M. 2007). The frequency of self-starvation and purging vary greatly across certain periods of history, indicating that certain combinations of social and economic factors often facilitate or inhibit these behaviors (Engel, B., Staats Reiss, N., & Dombeck, M. 2007). Historical evidence suggests that anorexia and bulimia have existed since the at least the first century. During the time of Caesar, rich ancient Romans overindulged at banquets and then vomited so they could return to the feast and continue eating (Engel, B., Staats Reiss, N., & Dombeck, M. 2007). Ancient Egyptians drew hieroglyphics that depicted their use of monthly purges to avoid illness (Engel, B., Staats Reiss, N., & Dombeck, M. 2007). Africa contains several stories concerning adults who fasted during times of extreme famine in order to save

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