Eating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa

1477 Words Nov 15th, 2015 6 Pages
There are three main types of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. They all involve serious disturbances in weight regulation and eating habits, accompanied by adverse effects on social, psychological and physical aspects of one’s life (‘Eating disorders: About more than food’, n.d.). This essay will specifically be focusing on bulimia nervosa, as research shows a higher level of stigma associated with it, compared to other eating disorders (Roehrig & McLean, 2009). Bulimia nervosa is characterised by recurring episodes of binge-eating, followed by disturbing compensatory behaviours to prevent weight gain. Patients usually fall within the healthy BMI range, but their perception of body image is distorted. It mainly occurs in females, with 1.7% - 2.5% of women affected (Kruger & Kennedy, 2000). Previous research has recognised biological, psychological, and sociological factors influencing the development of eating disorders. Information like this can help researchers identify the public’s educational needs and add to any gaps in their knowledge. It can also help reduce stigma, which in turn may encourage those suffering to seek help sooner, as they will be less fearful of possible negative feedback from peers and society (Schaefer et al., 2015).
It is a popular universal belief that eating disorders take form due to societal pressures on young people to conform to the culturally ideal body image. Research has shown, however,…
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