Eating Disorders in Sports

1405 Words Jul 8th, 2018 6 Pages
Introduction
General Background
The occurrence of eating disorders are a serious problem worldwide. A major problem with this disease, abnormal eating behaviour that can threaten your health or even your life,(1) is that the mortality prevalence rates are highest among those who are not under professional care: per 100 000 females, 370 die suffering from Anorexia Nervosa and 1500 women with Bulimia die.(2) The worldwide prevalence of eating disorders among athletes, 0-19% for men, and 6-45% for women, is higher than the prevalence within the general population.(3) According to the Trimbos Institute, the presence of an eating disorder at some point in time for Dutch civilians is 0.7%.(4) However no specific prevalence numbers are available
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Also, in some sports, eating disorder pathology does occur less. What factors in those type of sports might protect an athlete from eating disordered behaviour? Finally, could the intensity level of exercising be determinative for the presence of eating disorder pathology?
Study aim and design
This study focuses on the presence of eating disorder pahtology in a convenient Dutch sample of athletes. By comparing athletes within different fields of sport and a variety in intensity of that sport, a possible relation can be investigated. It is crucial to determine whether someone shows signs of eating disorder pathology.

Due to the fact that there is no information yet about the presence of eating disorder pathology among Dutch athletes, this study first aims to give an indication of that presecne. To tackle the (further) development of eating disorders in the future, it is important to know whether different types of sports have different impacts on eating behaviour and body weight of the athletes. Also, it is interesting to know if the intensity of sport practice is related. This study aims to give insights in these questions.
Delimitation
This study cannot give insights in causal relations due to the cross sectional design. Also, no clear cut-off points are used to determine whether any of the participants shows signs of eating disorder pathology.
Methods
Study Design
Only one moment in time is available for
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