Ebola Epidemic : A Deadly Disease Caused By Five Different Strains Of The Ebola Virus

3860 Words Nov 12th, 2014 16 Pages
History
The Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever is a deadly disease caused by five different strains of the Ebola viruses. Whilst the Reston virus only causes illness in animals, the rest cause severe illness in humans and animals (Stanford Edu, 2014). The Ebola virus was discovered in 1976 in the Congolese rainforest in central Africa, by a young Belgian scientist named Peter Piot (BBC News, 2014). Piot discovered the first known strain of Ebola, known as Ebola – Sudan (SUDV). Ebola-Sudan was discovered in the regions of Sudan and Zaire in Africa, with a mortality rate of 53%. A few months late the second strain of Ebola emerged, known as Ebola – Zaire (EBOZ), and had a high mortality rate of 88% (CNN, 2014).
Throughout the years up until 2014 there have been over 10 Ebola epidemics that have killed more than 3,600 people, mainly in African countries (REF). However, the 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries. As of September, around 2,000 people had died from the disease, and as of early November there had been nearly 5000 deaths (CDC, 2014). The Ebola Virus needs to be addressed as it is beginning to spread to other countries, and with no cure this will result in alarming death rates (Prevention, 2014). The Centre of Disease Control and Prevention is predicting up to 21,000 cases by early next year (Stanford edu, 2014).
Figure 1: Timeline of Deaths due to the Ebola Virus

Structure

The structure and pathogenesis of the Ebola virus is…

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