Ebola Outbreak Of West Africa

1655 Words Mar 29th, 2015 7 Pages
Introduction In the late 1970s, the international community was alarmed by the discovery of the Ebola virus. (Schwarz and Siegl, 1996) It was the ‘causative agent’ (Peters and Peters, 2015) of EHF (Ebola hemorrhagic fever). Ebola stems from a virus family know as Filoviridae. The virus targets various parts of the body causing a critical sickness of fever, diarrhoea, vomiting and in severe cases bleeding. However, infections do not always lead to death. ‘In previous outbreaks, 40-90% of known infections have resulted in death’ (Prevention, 2015) The very first cases were detected near a river found in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan.
On 23 March 2014, the World Health Organisation (WHO) made the public aware of a new Ebola outbreak that originated from December 2013 in the southeastern region of the Republic of Guinea. Soon there were many cases announced in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. ‘By August 8 2014, when the WHO declared the Ebola outbreak from West Africa a Public Health concern, there were 1779 reported cases with 961 deaths, and by 14 September 2014, there were 4057 probable and confirmed cases and 2296 deaths in Guinea, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.’
On 24 October 2014, the very first Ebola case was reported in New York City, which was detected in a physician who had recently gone to Africa to treat patients with it. Soon after there were three patients being treated, five had recovered and one died in the US. ‘The 2014 Ebola virus epidemic is the…

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