Ebola Virus : Disease Control And Prevention

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The Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo (CDC, About Ebola). Ebola was also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever which is a zoonotic disease caused by direct contact with infected or dead animals ("The Natural History of Ebola Virus in Africa."). According to the Centers For Disease Control, there are four to five types of Ebola viruses but only four are known to cause diseases in human which are: the Ebola virus; Sudan Virus; Taї virus; and Bundibugyo. The fifth is the Reston Virus which causes diseases in nonhuman but does not affect humans. The whereabouts of where the virus came from is unknown but researchers believe that the virus is animal-borne (animals that carry the virus) and that bats are the carriers based on evidence and similar viruses they have found. Four of the five virus mostly occur in an animal host native to Africa (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)). The virus does not affect the host’s deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-encodes genes but the ribonucleic acid (RNA)-encodes proteins. CDC stated that on September 30, 2014, the Ebola virus was first discovered in a person who had traveled to Dallas, Texas from West Africa. The patient did not show any signs of the virus but started showing symptoms of Ebola after four days arriving in the United States and went to Texas Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas. The facility isolated the patient and sent specimens for testing at CDC

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